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May 5, 2020
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A computer carefully executes its program, with the right operations all in the right order. But it appears to be careless about what the program does, or what its consequences are. Where, if anywhere, is the care? We discuss this apparent paradox.
Topic: Advances in Computer Sciences
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Purpose: This study was to introduce a novel method of an accurate simple template with cone beam computer tomography (CBCT)-assisted guided templates, and to test the feasibility and accuracy of this method. Methods: We modified the simple guide template with a titanium bar and 4 small steel  balls. According to the CBCT and the position of balls, clinicians corrected the locations of the bar to indicate implant position. To evaluate the deviation between planning, implant and the actual...
Topics: Dental implant, Surgical template, Cone beam computer tomography
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Purpose: This study was to introduce a novel method of an accurate simple template with cone beam computer tomography (CBCT)-assisted guided templates, and to test the feasibility and accuracy of this method. Methods: We modified the simple guide template with a titanium bar and 4 small steel  balls. According to the CBCT and the position of balls, clinicians corrected the locations of the bar to indicate implant position. To evaluate the deviation between planning, implant and the actual...
Topics: Dental implant, Surgical template, Cone beam computer tomography
Community Texts
Aug 12, 2019 Xavier Riaud
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Intermaxillary elastic is considered important sources of energy in orthodontic movement. However, the majority of this type of material, mainly those of Brazilian brands, is sold in packets containing 1000 units, which obliges the orthodontist or assistant to manipulate these, in order to separate them into a smaller quantity for each patient. The care taken by the working team is essential for preserving the integrity of the health of both the team and patients. 
Topics: First Time, Xavier Riaud
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Aug 12, 2019 Dr. Aggarwal P
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Indirect bonding (IDB) has been in orthodontic practice for more than 35 years. But still, most of the clinicians use direct bonding procedures. The main reason for this may be technique sensitivity and requirement of extra laboratory procedures, increasing the cost of the treatment. Many researchers have tried their methods to describe the indirect bonding procedures so that it can reduce the chair side time required for complete appliance placement with more precise bracket positioning....
Topics: Bonding, Indirect bonding, Transfer tray
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May 15, 2019 Tsang-Ling Sheu Department of Electrical Engineering National Sun Yat-Sen University Kaohsiung, Taiwan E-mail: sheu@mail.ee.nsysu.edu.tw
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This paper presents a Dynamic RB (Resource Blocks) Allocation (DRBA) in LTE (LongTerm Evolution) networks by utilizing Automatic Repeated Request (ARQ). From the ARQ status report, an Evolved-Node Base Station (eNodeB) computes the successfully received packets per unit time for each User Equipment (UE). Thus, an eNB can adequately allocate Resource Blocks (RB) for a UE. In DRBA, we consider three different traffic types (audio, video, and data) with the priority from the highest to the lowest....
Topics: RB, ARQ, LTE, Traffic Types, AMC
Sensory evaluation and demonstration of some common bean dishes were conducted. Boiled common bean was added into triangular shaped kitta(bread) and boiled to prepare sambusa(snack food in Ethiopia). For kik preparation, Common bean passed all the necessary steps similar to that of shro but the difference is common bean dehulled, roasted and slightly milled. Flavor boosting ingredients prepared and mixed with cooked common bean to prepare ful( breakfast food in Ethiopia) usually prepared from...
Topics: Sensory, Common Bean, Dishes, Soaking
This research aimed to reformulate a Ginger-based Traditional Drink (GTD), traditionally consumed in Indonesia based on a consumer acceptance and flavor attribute preference. This study was conducted in Bogor, Indonesia. The research was divided into three steps, i.e. selection of GTD, optimization of the formula of selected GTD by Mixture Design in Design Expert 7.0 software, and final determination of physicochemical properties and acceptability of the optimized GTD. Fishbein and Wilcoxon’s...
Topics: Traditional Ginger-based Drink, Consumer Acceptance, Sensory, Reformulation, Flavor
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Currently, more in-depth interest had been paid globally to the issues relating to nutrition, growth, development and psychosocial well-being of children and adolescents. Hence, this research aimed to identify and assess the nutritional and psychological risk factors affecting the life quality of adolescents in the Gaza Strip in order to highlight and prioritize them for future interventions. There are four objectives in this study, the first is to determine and assess the risk factors...
Topic: Currently
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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The present commentary offers some guidance to the future direction of neuroscientific research in travel benefits and decision to travel. Travel benefits refer to the desirable outcomes from taking a vacation or pleasure trip. Examples of travel benefits are health, socialization and involvement. Involvement, which is a motivational variable toward travel, involves decision-making with respect to travel. Decision-making is a process that involves many sub-decisions, occurring continuously...
Topics: Neuroscientific, Travel Benefits, Decision-Making
Patient history, physical examination; audiovestibular and imaging findings do not always help to make a proper differential diagnosis between Vestibular Migraine (VM) and Meniere’s disease (MD). The goal of our study was to compare the Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) findings of the patients with migraine, VM,MD and healthy controls to determine if cVEMP or oVEMP responses can differentiate VM from MD.
Topics: Vestibular, Myogenic, Migraine, Meniere Disease
Whilst controversial, the role of aluminium in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has not been adequately explained as models of aluminium exposure are not generally available. Renal dialysis (RD) patients are exposed to aluminium through phosphate-binding compounds for controlling hypophosphatemia and because of impaired renal excretion accumulate aluminium in tissues including the brain.These individuals represent a suitable population to study the role of aluminium exposure in inducing AD changes in...
Topics: Renal dialysis, Aluminium, Alzheimer’s disease, Astrocytes, Microglia
Müller glial cells are large neuroglial cells that extend throughout the entire retina, they function to maintain homeostasis and retinal integrity. In teleost fish, in response to retinal damage, Müller cells can re-enter the cell cycle, dedifferentiate and regenerate neuronal cells. Therefore, increasing our knowledge about these cells might open new avenues to regenerative medicine. Here, we present a reliable method to isolate Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 2 (NTPDase2)...
Topics: Müller glial cells, NTPDase2, Retina, Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Michel Bourin
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The development of psychotropic has slowed over the last two decades for essentially economic reasons; the drug industry has invested more in the field of oncology and autoimmune diseases. However, there are still avenues to explore, such as allostery for the development of drugs in the field of anxiety depression, bipolarity in particular. Other concepts are suggested in this article as the β-arrestins potential therapeutic targets in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the inhibitors of...
Topics: Psychotropic development, Allostery, β-arrestins, Phosphodiesterase 10A, Epigenetic, Peroxisome...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Wilson IB Onuigbo
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Intussusception occurs when a proximal portion of the bowel invaginates into the distal portion, this being held to be commoner in children than in adults. Single cases have been reported in adults in alphabetical order from India (1,2), Mexico (3), Morocco (4), Portugal (5), South Korea (6), Taiwan (7), Tunisia (8), and USA (9-10). Therefore, this paper sets out to present cases found among the Igbo ethnic group [1], who are domiciled in South Eastern Nigeria. In particular, the lesions were...
Topics: Intussusception, Bowel, Lipoma, Adults
Microalgae harvesting uses high energy input which makes large scale commercial cultivation economically unfeasible. Flocculation is the one of the most promising cost and energy efficient alternative method for harvesting microalgae biomass. In this work, pH based flocculation of three microalgal species Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorococcum sp were studied under varying pH levels and initial biomass concentrations. The biomass concentration was varied to each microalgal...
Topics: Flocculation, Biomass, Microalgae harvesting, Chlorella, Scenedesmus, Chlorococcum
In the era of post genomics, performing a computational analysis to understand the pharmacogenomic based regulation of Psoriasis with respect to the principles of data mining and constructing a regulatory network with respect to the principles of systems biology and analyzing the network with respect to the principles of test statistic remains a challenging task to execute. The challenge was approached by identifying the associated genes of Psoriasis from PharmGkb and it was followed by...
Topics: Pharmacogenomic, Psoriasis, Biomarker
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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This article presents a study on multilingual in-door advertisements in Dili Timor Leste (TL). The multilingual in-door advertisements were collected by photographing them for the data. They were also collected from written documents and internet. The data were in language but in syllables of advertisements. The 402 multilingual syllables were used as data samples. It was found that most of the advertisements obtained used words of four different languages: Tetun, Portuguese, English, and...
Topics: Multilingual in-door advertisement, Text analysis, Discursive analysis, Socio-cultural analysis
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Ahmed Tabbabi
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The mating of sand flies is done at the beginning of the adult stage, it occurs after the blood meal, necessary for the maturation of the eggs. There are about 100 eggs per female. Egg incubation time ranges from 5 to 10 days in humid, relatively constant temperature environments and is close to organic matter required for larval nutrition such as burrows, upper soil layers furniture, cracks in the walls [1]. The hatching gives birth to a larva that passes through four larval stages separated...
Topics: Vectorial, Phlebotomine, Sandflies
Transfer of bacteria through handshaking in the clinical setting is an issue of concern and warranting investigation. Handshaking may be a likely mode for transmission of microorganisms [1]. Transfer of pathogenic microorganisms in the clinical environment is important because healthcare professionals and students are at risk. Contamination from instruments that can become vectors of cross-infection [2,3] may harbor pathogens such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis,...
Topics: Bacterial Cross-contamination, Handshaking
Aims to evaluate the effect of light intensity on the degree of conversion of polyacidmodified composite resin. Materials and methods: Fourteen samples were prepared and divided randomly to four groups according to Light Intensity. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) is used in order to measure the degree of conversion. Results and discussion: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan multiple range test were used for analysis. The study showed that at 1mm depth the polyacid-modified...
Topics: Degree of conversion, FTIR, composite resin, Light Intensity
Background: Intermaxillary elastic is considered important sources of energy in orthodontic movement. However, the majority of this type of material, mainly those of Brazilian brands, is sold in packets containing 1000 units, which obliges the orthodontist or assistant to manipulate these, in order to separate them into a smaller quantity for each patient. The care taken by the working team is essential for preserving the integrity of the health of both the team and patients. Aim/objectives:...
Topics: Synthetic elastics, Microbial infection, Disinfection
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Joana Espiga de Macedo
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The Patient’s body has been transformed into a field of battle between the scientific professionals and the disease harbored in an individual Patient. The disease may be seen as an autonomous identity, independent, of the individual characteristics of each one. Our aim is to alert Physicians that besides all scientific knowledge of the treatment of the more diversified diseases, one must never forget to respect the human being as a whole, which by chance has been invaded by a disease. We as...
Topics: Integrity, Security, Control
In this study, we present a potential alternate approach for the treatment of melanoma skin cancer and skin tissue regeneration, a comparison of polycaprolactone (PCL) and polycaprolactone blended with linear (LPEI) and branched polyethylenimine (BPEI). This research presents the biocompatibility and feasibility of PCL, PCL loaded with LPEI and PCL loaded with BPEI in different concentrations, producing electrospun scaffolds. SEM images show that the nanofibers developed between 74 ± 419 nm....
Topics: Melanoma, Scaffolds, Electrospinning
Background: Despite the negative prognostic significance of lymphocytopenia is known for many years no clinical cancer study has been proposed up to now in an attempt to specifically correct the evidence of an abnormally low lymphocyte count. At present it is known that IL-2 is the main growth factor for T lymphocytes. Lymphocyte proliferation is also stimulated by the pineal indole hormone melatonin (MLT), which is provided by an anticancer activity, whereas it is inhibited by cortisol....
Topics: Checkpoint inhibitors, Immunotherapy, Neuroimmunomodulation
Background: Vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF families have been implicated in prognosis and clinicopathological outcomes in patients with gastric cancer. This review aims to assess the relationship of clinicopathological and prognostic outcomes of patients with gastric cancer, present with overexpression of VEGF families in gastric cancer tissues. Methods: Full-published studies regarding clinicopathological and prognostic outcomes of patients with gastric cancer present with...
Topics: Gastric cancer, Clinicopathological, Prognosis outcome
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Amit Nandan Dhar Dwivedi
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Aims: The study aimed at evaluation of the feasibility of cardiac MDCT for assessment of diastolic function in asymptomatic diabetic patients as compared to echocardiography and to study the intermodality correlation of observed findings. Methods: A total of 15 normotensive, non-coronary artery disease (CAD) diabetic patients and 15 age-matched asymptomatic controls were included in the study. All of them underwent 2D echocardiography with Tissue Doppler Imaging and MDCT. LV volume and LV...
Topics: LV diastolic dysfunction, Cardiac multidetector row CT, Tissue doppler imaging
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Rex MacAlpin, MD
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For patients with pre-existing vasospastic angina, the risk of perioperative coronary artery spasm (PCAS) complicating non-cardiac surgery has not been quantified. Why PCAS occurs at all in patients without pre-existing vasospastic disease is unclear. The occurrence of PCAS was studied in 31 patients with a preoperative diagnosis of variant angina who underwent 54 non-cardiac surgical procedures. An extensive review of published literature was undertaken to summarize current knowledge of PCAS...
Topics: Coronary artery spasm, Coronary vasospasm, Non-cardiac surgery
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi) is a significant cause of typhoid fever in humans. Gastrointestinal infections with this and the closely related bacterium S. paratyphi that causes paratyphoid fever pose a public health challenge, particularly in developing countries where people of all age groups are commonly affected. However, limited data exist to estimate the total clinical burden of such enteric fever in Asian and African countries. Despite the demonstrated success of a number...
Topics: Salmonella, Typhoid, Fever, Disease, Virulence
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Daud Faran Asif
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Infectious diseases are common cause of death throughout the world. The tool for recombinant proteins production is achieved by the advent of recombinant DNA technologies and these recombinant proteins are used as therapeutic agents to cure the infectious diseases. Many expression systems for the pharmaceuticals production have been developed through which various types of immunoglobulins, enzymes and edible vaccines are synthesized that are used as prophylactic or as therapeutics. Development...
Topics: Infectious diseases, Vaccine, Immunoglobulins, Stable expression system, Transient expression system
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Ibrahim M S Shnawa
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The nature of the mammalian humoral immunoglobulin responses to antigens in general are either one or more than one of the followings; mono-partite [nomoglobulin], dipartite [normoglobulin, cryoglobulin] and /or tripartite [normoglobulin, cryoglobulin, pyroglobulin]. While for bacterin it can be monopartite [normoglobulin], dipartite [normogloblin, cryglobulin]. Three experimental settings have been adopted. Bacterin induced cryoglobulin responses in turn may induce cryoglobulin specific...
Topics: Antigen, Bacterin, Cryoglobulin, Interference, Preclinical
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of intraocularly delivered 213 nm UV laser pulses to ablate the trabecular meshwork and to monitor the healing process in an in vivo rat model. The long-term aim is to develop a new form of glaucoma surgery to cut a permanent drainage channel through the trabecular meshwork.
Topics: Laser ablation, Trabecular meshwork, Glaucoma
In the era of post genomics, identification of a potential miRNA to regulate gene and transcription factorsby applying a computational approach is a challenging task to execute. The challenge was addressed by identifying the associated transcription factors (TFs) and genes from Mogrify along with micro RNAs from miRTar Base. In the next step, a transcription factor based miRNA network was constructed on the basis of association between Genes-miRNAs-TFs. Finally, the network was analyzed on the...
Topics: Post Genomics, Mogrify, miRNA, miRTar Base, Biomarker
A central theme in this paper forms the question whether the cellular pathways in a multicellular organism are predictable and computable, especially during malignant transformation and tumor metastasis. This question is regarded as a complex optimization problem that, however, constitutes a multileveled so-called NP-hard problem. In this paper, the metaheuristics of parallel Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms are used as a template for modeling, similar to the use of ACO in the study of...
Topic: Complexity Theory - Parallel Ant Colony Optimization algorithms – Cellular differentiation...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Alexei V. Finkelstein
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Protein chain folding is a miracle. The protein chain is gene-encoded and initially has no structure. Its intricate structure, with every atom in its unique position, results from a spontaneous folding process. This is as amazing as if a multicolored thread could produce a T-shirt itself! The chain spontaneously finds its stable fold (Figure 1: from left to right) within minutes or faster (both in vitro and in living cells), although much more than the entire life-period of the Universe would...
Topics: Protein, Helix, Globular structure
Background: Candida is the third most common pathogen in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) with an infection rate 17% and invasive candidiasis has been associated with poor clinical outcomes. Methods: We sought to investigate possible risk factors for Candida emergence in adult critically ill patients, along with the characteristics of patients with Candida isolation according to the administration of systemic antifungal treatment (SAT) or not and the distribution of Candida species according to the...
Topics: Candida emergence, ICU-acquired Candida infection, adult critically ill patients, systemic...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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We report the case of 4 years old boy with toxic shock syndrome and purpura fulminans due to Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment consisted of antibiotics, intravenous Gamma globulin and cardiorespiratory support. The child had ischemia and necrosis of several phalanges of his fingers and toes, and
Topics: Toxic Shock Syndrome, Purpura Fulminans, Streptococcus Pyogenes
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Prof . Hector Diaz Aguila
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Introduction: Optic nerve sheath diameter ultrasound is a rapid point of care tool for diagnosing and monitoring increased intracranial pressure. Development: We described some important issues regarding this statement: brief anatomical description of optic nerve; measuring and finally the learning curve. Conclusion: Measuring optic nerve sheath diameter using ultrasonography makes available a highly useful method to determine high intracranial pressure in clinical practice.
Topics: Point of care ultrasound, Optic nerve ultrasound, Optic nerve sheath diameter, High intracranial...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Marcela Agostini
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Despite the arrival of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the epidemic of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is still a global health crisis with a high burden of respiratory disease among infected people. While the first complications of the epidemic were fundamentally opportunistic infections, the improve of survival showed the appearance of non-infectious diseases that are associated with chronic respiratory symptoms and lung impairment.
Topics: COPD, HIV, Patients
More than three decades after the first case of AIDS was notified in Uganda, HIV pandemic continues to pose unprecedented challenges with latest Government estimates indicating 138,700 new cases, adding to the already 1.6 million people who are living with HIV in the country [1, 2]. The government response to containment and prevention of HIV/AIDS has been through the prevention and care programs initiated in 1986 and later the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan through 2007/2008‐2011/2012...
Topics: HIV Care, Uganda
The aim of the present study is to examine self-reported condom use and practices in a sample of African American female juvenile detainees in Georgia who self-report a history of 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or ‘Ecstasy’) use. Subjects for this investigation were 764 African American females drawn from an overall sample of 2260 juvenile offenders housed at selected Youth Development Campuses (YDCs) across the state of Georgia. Individual regression models indicate that the best...
Topics: Condoms, Sexual Transmitted Infections, Detainees
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 24, 2018 Jayanta Kumar Patra
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Genus Dioscorea comes under the family of Dioscoreaceae. The tribal and rural communities of the world used the species of Dioscorea as a source of potent ethanobotanical medicines. An investigation was made for the documentation of common traditional systems for curing diseases and disorders using available Dioscorea species of Eastern Ghats (EG), India. The most common species of EG are D. bulbifera, D. hispida, D. glabra, D. pantaphylla, D. alata, D. spinosa, D. wallichii, D. hamiltonii, D....
Topics: Eastern Ghats, Dioscorea sp, Ethanomedicinal, Antibacterial, Birth control, Antioxidant
A comparative evaluation of anti-lipid peroxidation property, reducing power, metal chelating activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging property and total antioxidant capacity of leaf extracts of ten experimental accessions of Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. (EC42352, IC47434, IC94661, IC95251, IC95316, IC95322, IC95326, IC107144, EC146543 and IC42397) revealed significantly higher antioxidant availability in the red accession IC107144. Selective Reverse Phase-High Performance Liquid Chromatography...
Topics: Amaranth, Antioxidant capacity, Anti-lipid peroxidation property, Reducing power, Metal chelating...
Due to adverse effects of classic antibiotics and accrual emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, seeking alternative therapeutics would be a necessity. This study was first aimed to investigate in vitro antibacterial activity of hydro-alcoholic extracts derived from peels of Citrus limon (L.) Burm (CL) as anecdotally reported in (Kurdish) ethnomedicine. Then, putative mechanisms which may mediate this antibacterial effect were computationally elucidated.
Topics: Citrus limon (L.) Burm, E. coli, In Vitro Antibacterial Assay, In Silico Molecular Docking,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Bruna Helena Kipper
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Fish meat is an excellent source of protein of high nutritional and biological value, which increases its consumption by the Brazilians. However, there are also some risks associated with fish consumption, known as foodborne diseases. In order to avoid this problem, it is important to know that fish must only be consumed in good conditions of freshness and storage. This work aimed to evaluate the degree of consumer awareness to risk factors of fish consumption and the sanitary aspects of these...
Topics: Fish, Zoonoses, Foodborne diseases
Robert Starmer Audas served in Sudan in various capacities with several military and civil entities between 1909 and 1935. Along with Claud Percy Fisher (1918-1944), the tenth of the twelve veterinarians who served as Directors of Veterinary Services, and with 26 years of residence, he was the longest serving soldier of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps in the country. Audas worked in several of the more remote provinces in the early years of his time in Sudan. His “home”, however, was Darfur...
Topics: Royal Army Veterinary Corps, Darfur Province, Military campaigns, Army transport, Horse breeding
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Heat stress is the major intriguing factor influencing livestock production in the changing climatic condition. Therefore, research efforts are needed to identify thermotolerant breeds which can help to optimize livestock production during heat stress challenges. The heat tolerance in livestock is determined through various mechanisms and neuroendocrine regulation is one of the crucial pathways by which the animal survives the stressful condition. Hence, this paper is an attempt to elucidate...
Topics: Climate Change, Heat stress, Adaptation, Neuro-endocrine pathway, Production
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Meningioma is a benign tumor that has origin in the meninges. Histologically, the tumor cells are characterized by the formation of cytoplasmic fibrils, collagen and desmosomes. Due to poor prognosis of patients, this study aimed to report the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of two intracranial meningioma tumors in dogs. A 6-years-old, female Boxer dog and an 11-years-old, female Poodle dog were presented at the Internal Medicine Service at the Veterinary Hospital with neurological signs. A...
Topics: Intracranial Meningioma, Lomustina, Prednisone
Arthur Olver was born in 1875 the son of a Cornish farmer. He was elected Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons in 1897. After two years in private practice he joined the Army Veterinary Service in 1899. In South Africa in 1901-1906, Olver served with the British cavalry in the Boer War, worked in Theiler’s laboratory, was Senior Veterinary Officer in Natal and Assistant to the Principal Veterinary Officer, South Africa Command. Seconded to the Egyptian Army he was Principal...
Topics: Rinderpest, Livestock disease, Animal health, Army veterinary services
Acute cholecystitis is a common reason for surgical intervention in patients age 50+. The optimal management for elderly patients presenting with acute cholecystitis is unclear. No previous guidelines have been established in the past to direct physicians to the most effective intervention. This has led to multiple treatment options including non-surgical management, surgical management, and Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Tube (PCT) placement. Although, each intervention leads to different...
Topics: Cholecystitis, Resuscitate, Pulmonary Disease
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Dr. Ming-Ho Wu
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Hiatal hernia more commonly occurs in the aged adults, predominately in females. Some researchers mentioned that these patients did not need surgical intervention when the hernia is uncomplicated or asymptomatic [1]. However, some patients had a huge hiatal hernia resulted in cardiopulmonary compression. To understand the risks of hiatal hernia, this reports our limited data dealing the incidence of huge hiatal hernia and coincident surgical diseases. Clinical data, risks, technical...
Topics: Hiatal hernia, Cardiopulmonary compression, Life threatening
Recently, several studies have demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of totally laparoscopic colectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis. In this study, we describe our novel technique for intracorporeal end-to-end anastomosis, which we have named the modified book-binding technique (MBBT), in totally laparoscopic colectomy, and present our preliminary experience in clinical practice.
Topics: Laparoscopic Colectomy, Intracorporeal Anastomosis, End-to-end Anastomosis
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Faes Tine M.D
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The aim of this article is to provide a practical evidence based manual of the potential surgical techniques for a myomectomy, anno 2018: minimal invasive surgery (laparoscopy versus robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS)) and laparotomy.
Topics: Myomectomy, Laparoscopy, Robotic surgery, Laparotomy
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Dr. Sehgal VN
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The role of alterations in microanatomy and physiology of stratum corneum, sturdy skin barrier, has been subject of an intriguing dialogue [1-5] ever since its initial speculation [6] in the year 2003. The precise, details of the same have been vividly outlined recently [7]. A continuing endeavor to find a plausible sequence of events determining the natural history of atopic dermatitis to be a focus, warranting attention to the role of hyaluronan, a moisturizing factor of stratum corneum...
Topics: Hyaluronan, Moisturizing Factor, Dermatitis
Potential of hesperidin as a vulnerary agent has been investigated in the irradiated wounds, where Swiss albino mice were given a single administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of hesperidin orally before hemi-body (below rib cage) exposure of animals to 2, 4, 6 or 8 Gy γ-radiation. A full thickness excision circular wound of 15 mm diameter was created on the dorsum of irradiated mice. The wound contraction was assessed by capturing videoimages of wounds periodically until the complete healing...
Topics: Radiation, Hesperidin, Mice, Wound Contraction, Collagen, Hexosamine, Nitric Oxide, Fibroblast
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Murat Durdu
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Pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC) is an uncommon papulosquamous disease. This disease is more common in child and young adult. The etiology of PLC is unknown, however, several microorganisms include Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), Toxoplasma gondii, HIV, parvovirus B19, adenovirus, Staphylococcus aureus, group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, and varicella zoster have been implicated. Skin lesions usually occur on a trunk and proximal portions of extremities, but any region of skin and even...
Topics: Pityriasis lichenoides chronica, Segmental dermatosis, Child
The study involves the use of cosmeceuticals for the hair fall reduction and improvement in hair strength and scalp condition in healthy Indian female subjects. The use of these cosmeceuticals as anti-hair fall agents prevents hair damage, nourishes and conditions the hair, reduces breakage, and soothes the scalp. The present trend of using marketed anti hair fall agents has many side effects and there may be a chance of causing further damage to the hair. In order to overcome their side...
Topics: Cosmeceuticals, Hair oil, Macademia, Monocentric, Hair loss, Hair fall, Scalp nourishment
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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To assess the level of knowledge, social attitude towards patients, and diagnostic capabilities of doctors (KAP) regarding leprosy, practicing attertiary care institute of New Delhi, India.
Topics: Leprosy, Hansen’s disease
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Weijie Li
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A 4-year-old girl was found to have 50.8% “immature granulocytes” and 12% neutrophils in her peripheral blood. She had had a heart transplant for dilated cardiomyopathy nine months before. A peripheral blood film revealed many non-segmented neutrophils with round or oval nuclei, clumped nuclear chromatin, and adequate cytoplasmic granules (Figure 1, panels A- E). The size and nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio were comparable to those of segmented neutrophils (Figure 1, panel F). There were...
Topics: Neutrophils, Heart, Granulocytes
Validation is the assessment of the accuracy of computational simulations by comparison with experimental data. A well validated computational fluid dynamics model can be of high importance when assessing the safety of medical devices. However, its validation and verification must be conducted before the results can be considered credible. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has completed a computational inter-laboratory study that showed relatively negative current state of numerical methods...
Topics: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Medical Device, Fluid Flow, Validation, Simulation
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Sep 1, 2018 Shoichiro Ozaki
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About 510 billion tone CO2 is produced by burning of fossil fuel and respiration of animal. CO2 142 billion tone increased in 2017. If we can increase fixing of CO2 by promotion of CO 2 assimilation, global warming will be protected. To promote CO2 assimilation, supply of nutrient N and P is essential.14.4 billion tons. NOx is produced when140 billion fossil fuel is burned. Many governments are eliminating NOx and NP in drainage as pollution substances. NOx and NP in drainage is promoter of CO2...
Topics: Climate, Waste Water, NOx
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Treatment of lipid abnormalities and hypercholesterolemia associated with diabetes and non-diabetes is a medical dilemma as current lipid-lowering drugs cause serious and sometimes fatal side effects. There have been a few attempts to explore natural medicines to unravel this dilemma. This study has investigated the efficacy of Sudanese Camelus dromedary’s raw milk on lipid metabolism in 30 type 1 diabetic patients for 12 month. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Control...
Topics: Diabetes, Lipid, Metabolism, Camel, Milk
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is known to cause selective destruction of tumor neovascularisation. Perfusion changes in tumor microenvironment were studied in a young patient with a high-grade myxoid liposarcoma after isolated limb perfusion with TNF-α and melphalan, using advanced MR imaging. Quantitative and semi-quantitative evaluation of perfusion metrics included ktrans/f/T2* shift and automatic extraction of enhancement patterns. Strong agreement between different methods is...
Topics: Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, MR imaging/diagnosis, Pattern Recognition, Tumor hypoxia, Cancer...
In this cross-sectional epidemiological survey, we assessed the diversity and frequency of water related trematodes in Futaleufu Department, a region of Southern Argentina with ecological importance due its value as natural fresh water resource and flora and fauna sanctuary. Snails, Aquatic vegetables and Faecal samples from domestic and wild animals were collected between February 2012 and March 2014. In addition, the official records of authorized slaughterhouses located in the area were...
Topics: Water related trematodiasis, Aquatics vegetables, Wildlife, Economic losses, Argentina
Development of unconventional oil and natural gas resources is inexplicitly tied to the generation of saline waste waters commonly referred to as produced water. Produced waters can contain high concentrations of sparingly soluble salts, making mineral scaling an important problem for desalination processes. This investigation evaluated the removal of dissolved and particulate forms of calcium, a common mineral scaling element, using accelerated precipitation softening (APS) combined with...
Topics: Produced Waters, Accelerated Precipitation Softening, Microfiltration
This study was carried out to assess the mean concentration of Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn (using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer AAS 6300) in goats and sheep’s organs (liver, kidney, muscle and lung) reared and consumed within Ashaka Town, Gombe State Nigeria. The levels of metals in the organs were ranged between 0.0037 μg/g and 0.0021 μg/g for Cd, 0.0079 μg/g and 0.0050 μg/g for Cr, 0.0023 μg/g and 0.0017 μg/g for Cu, 0.0080 μg/g and 0.0063 μg/g for Fe, 0.0076 μg/g and...
Topics: Heavy metals, Goat, Sheep organs
Since most of antibiotics have been demonstrated to be low degradable in biological treatment systems, advanced oxidation processes have gained an essential attraction to oxidize them through OH radicals formation. This study attempts to optimize the removal of 10 mg/L of two antibiotics, namely amoxicillin and clarithromycin heterogenous photocatalytic oxidation process at varying catalyst doses and pH conditions. The process efficiency was evaluated in terms of degradation (UV absorbance) and...
Topics: Antibiotics, Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Degradation, Mineralization, Photocatalysis, TiO2
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 31, 2018 Esra Tutal, MD
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Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors that usually present with classic paroxysmal symptoms including headache, palpitation, anxiety and diaphoresis. Adrenergic and noradrenergic tumors are two biochemical types of PPGLs. The biochemical phenotype is important for predicting the location of the tumor, and the type of germline mutation. It is challenging for the clinician to diagnose this deadly disease due to the conditions with these non-specific symptoms....
Topics: Pheochromocytoma, Paraganglioma
After treatment with high-dose Ibuprofen during several weeks for a traumatism, a 56-year old male developed resistant hypertension with hypokalemia and mild renal failure, which persisted after Ibuprofen withdrawal. He was referred to our Outpatient Hypertension Clinic for workup. He was diagnosed of acquired pseudohyperaldosteronism, with suppressed renin and aldosterone, and mild metabolic alkalosis. Anamnesis revealed that the patient had been consuming high doses of salmiak (salty...
Topics: Pseudohyperaldosteronism, Liquorice, Secondary hypertension, NSAID
Diabetes is among the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. In the United States, diabetes is a principal cause of kidney failure, non-traumatic lower-extremity amputations, and blindness among adults. In Puerto Rico, given the even higher prevalence of this condition than in most countries, implementation of innovative, science-based and cost effective strategies is urgent. Despite the implementation of accepted treatment guidelines that include diet and medications, the prevalence...
Topics: Diabetes, Metabolic Correction, Diabetes Cost
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 31, 2018 Blesson CS
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common form of ovulatory dysfunction, affecting up to 8% of the population worldwide, or over 100 million women [1-3]. While subject to some controversy, it is diagnosed most frequently by the Rotterdam criteria, which includes irregular menses, laboratory or clinical evidence of hyperandrogenemia, and polycystic ovarian morphology. The diagnosis may be made if a patient has at least two of these criteria, and other possible etiologies are excluded,...
Topics: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, PCOS, Hyperandrogenism
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 31, 2018 Susan Eteiwi
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Myotonic dystrophy is a rare form of muscular dystrophy that is associated with glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinism, among other associated endocrinopathies. It is a cause of infertility in males, and it’s effect on pregnancy of affected females has been described, generally a deterioration of their clinical symptoms, as well as other possible complications such as polyhydramnios, reduced fetal movement, preterm labour and postpartum hemorrhage; however; the occurrence of gestational...
Topics: Dystrophia, Myotonica, Gestational Diabetes
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 30, 2018 Anchal Tyagi
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Brain targeting is a bottle neck for the drug discovery scientist, due to its special protective system. The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) and the blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCFB) are not only protective barriers of the CNS but it can maintain the neuronal activity and functioning of the CNS This body protective system makes difficult to target the brain for the treatment of many CNS disorder. In the process of the better delivery system for the CNS many development has been made so far,...
Topics: Brain and drug targeting, Ophthalmic route, Blood Brain Barrier
Introduction: Iatrogenic acute hyponatremia has been observed following bowel preparation for colonoscopy and is believed to be associated with hypo-osmotic preparations. Aim: To review cases of hyponatremia attributed to bowel preparations for colonoscopy reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). Methods: All adverse event (ADR) reports to the FAERS reported between March 2008 and May 2014 were reviewed. The data was filtered to cases using the...
Topics: Hyponatremia, Bowel, Colonoscopy, Patients
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 30, 2018 Sanchez Montero
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The interest that has attracted biotechnology in academic and business circles, has led to a proliferation of definitions a direct result of its observation from different approaches, which have in common the use of living beings, their processes or products for profit by the revision of these and of their environment. The OECD defines biotechnology as “the application of science and technology to living organisms as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living...
Topics: Biotechnology, Life, Environment
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 30, 2018 Zvi G Loewy
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Nature is a rich source of candidate medicinal products. Herbs, plants and microbes have been shown to deliver potential therapeutic remedies for inflammatory disease, complex infections, metabolic indications and neurological disease. Three herbs Sambucus nigra, Centella asiatica and Echinacea purporea are showing tremendous potential in the treatment of inflammatory and metabolic diseases. The herbs have been shown to elicit promising anti-inflammatory effects in both oral disease as well as...
Topics: Nature, Potent, Therapeutics
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Maintaining good health and preventing diseases are the most important factors for a person’s quality of life. In developed and developing countries alike, health concerns are serious economic and social challenges. Preventable communicable or infectious diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of death in world every year especially in low-income countries. Non-communicable or chronic diseases like heart disease and diabetes are increasing across the globe. Between...
Topics: Natural Polymer, Simvastatin, Hyperlipidemia
The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between the DMFT index of 12-yearold children from the Southeast region and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the populated areas where children live.
Topics: Dental caries, School children, Drinking water, Fluoride, DMFT index, Oral epidemiology
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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In this case, ISW (improved superelastic Ti–Ni alloy wire, commonly called a lowhysteresis wire, developed by Tokyo Medical and Dental University) was employed in the treatment of an adult facial asymmetry skeletal Class III case without extraction and surgery. A 23-year-old man came to our clinic with a chief complaint of poor bite and for esthetic consultation. A clinical examination revealed a bilateral Class III molar relationship with anterior crossbite and mild crowding with a lower...
Topics: ISW, Facial Asymmetry, Skeletal
In the genus Slackia, Slackia exigua (formerly Eubacterium exiguum) is isolated from the human oral cavity. A relationship was recently reported between S. exigua and periodontal disease, including chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis. A suitable selective medium for the isolation of S. exigua is needed in order to assess the veritable prevalence of this organism in various lesions of the oral cavity. The purpose of the present study was to develop selective media for the isolation of S....
Topics: Slackia exigua, Selective medium, Oral cavity, m Peri implantitis
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Aug 30, 2018 Natalia Elson
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The purpose of this article is to discuss the management of postoperative complications such as bleeding and the “liver clot” formation. The diagnosis of “lover clot” is based on the clinical appearance, due to the similarity to the tissue of the liver. Minor bleeding post extraction is a common occurrence in oral surgery. This event might occur during the procedure, immediate after the extraction or about 1-3 days post-surgery. However, significant bleeding is an unusual, if not rare...
Topics: Hemostasis, Platelets disorder, Liver clot, Laser, LLLT
Synaptic adhesion molecules regulate synapse development and maintenance. Neurexins and neuroligins have been implicated in psychiatric disorders, and shown that they are related to vascular system and carcinomas in recent studies. In the present study we focused neurexin 1 and neuroligin1, and investigated the relationship between those two molecules expression and clinical features of oral cancer.
Topics: Neurexin 1, Neuroligin1, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Head and neck
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 28, 2018 Natalia Elson DDS
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The purpose of this article is to discuss the management of postoperative complications such as bleeding and the “liver clot” formation. The diagnosis of “lover clot” is based on the clinical appearance, due to the similarity to the tissue of the liver.
Topics: Hemostasis, Platelets disorder, Liver clot, Laser, LLLT
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 28, 2018 Anchal Tyagi
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Brain targeting is a bottle neck for the drug discovery scientist, due to its special protective system. The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) and the blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCFB) are not only protective barriers of the CNS but it can maintain the neuronal activity and functioning of the CNS This body protective system makes difficult to target the brain for the treatment of many CNS disorder. In the process of the better delivery system for the CNS many development has been made so far,...
Topics: Brain and drug targeting, Ophthalmic route, Blood Brain Barrier
Iatrogenic acute hyponatremia has been observed following bowel preparation for colonoscopy and is believed to be associated with hypo-osmotic preparations.
Topics: Hyponatremia, Bowel Preparations, Colonoscopy.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 28, 2018 Sanchez-Montero JM
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Currently, the word “Biotechnology” is commonly used as evidenced by the fact that in the Google search engine. It is found 6,480,000 results, which means that the term, in addition to being present in numerous discussion forums, both in press and on television and radio, it has been incorporated into our vocabulary.
Topics: Biotechnology, Virology, Genetics
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 28, 2018 Zvi G Loewy
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Nature is a rich source of candidate medicinal products. Herbs, plants and microbes have been shown to deliver potential therapeutic remedies for inflammatory disease, complex infections, metabolic indications and neurological disease.
Topics: Therapeutics, Metabolic diseases, Hydrogels
Maintaining good health and preventing diseases are the most important factors for a person’s quality of life. In developed and developing countries alike, health concerns are serious economic and social challenges. Preventable communicable or infectious diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of death in world every year especially in low-income countries [1]. Non-communicable or chronic diseases like heart disease and diabetes are increasing across the globe. Between...
Topics: Natural Polymer, Simvastatin, Hyperlipidemia
The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between the DMFT index of 12-yearold children from the Southeast region and the concentration of fluorine in drinking water from the populated areas where children live.
Topics: Dental caries, School children, Drinking water, Fluoride, DMFT index, Oral epidemiology
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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In this case, ISW (improved superelastic Ti–Ni alloy wire, commonly called a lowhysteresis wire, developed by Tokyo Medical and Dental University) was employed in the treatment of an adult facial asymmetry skeletal Class III case without extraction and surgery. A 23-year-old man came to our clinic with a chief complaint of poor bite and for esthetic consultation. A clinical examination revealed a bilateral Class III molar relationship with anterior crossbite and mild crowding with a lower...
Topics: ISW, Facial Asymmetry, Mandibular position
In the genus Slackia, Slackia exigua (formerly Eubacterium exiguum) is isolated from the human oral cavity. A relationship was recently reported between S. exigua and periodontal disease, including chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis. A suitable selective medium for the isolation of S. exigua is needed in order to assess the veritable prevalence of this organism in various lesions of the oral cavity. The purpose of the present study was to develop selective media for the isolation of S....
Topics: Slackia exigua, Selective medium, Oral cavity, Peri-implantitis
Synaptic adhesion molecules regulate synapse development and maintenance. Neurexins and neuroligins have been implicated in psychiatric disorders, and shown that they are related to vascular system and carcinomas in recent studies. In the present study we focused neurexin 1 and neuroligin1, and investigated the relationship between those two molecules expression and clinical features of oral cancer.
Topics: Neurexin 1, Neuroligin1, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Head and neck
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2018 Khalidullin OH
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We turned the water into a working reagent, forcing it to rotate the turbines, to carry warmth, to wash and dry everything that a person uses from washing hands to evaporating from cooling the reactors of nuclear power plants. Technogenic processes associated with water - pumps, turbines, pipelines, as well as heating, chemical, physical and any other influences - change its natural structure. Volumes of such waters can easily be imagined if we mentally summarize what passes through the turbine...
Topics: Man, Water Cycle, Climate
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2018 Hussein Al-Nasrawi
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Al-Teeb well is an important groundwater source for drinking water used by marsh dwellers in southern area of Iraq. The mentioned water facility supply more than 250,000 marsh dwellers of Misan province in Iraq with drinking water by tanker trucks. 43 fungi were isolated from sediments of Al-Teeb well, the isolated fungi included one new first record species Allysedium sp., added to Iraqi fungi, mentioned new record fungus was described and illustrated, has been kept in Basrah herbarium under...
Topics: Groundwater, Fungi, Sediments, Iraq
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 24, 2018 Khalidullin OH
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It is known that during the period from 2010 to 2016, the frequency of extreme weather manifestations increased by 46%. A total of 797 such events were recorded on the planet in 2016 Each fertile hectare of land contains 20 tons of underground animals, which together with plants and ground biota, processes water, returning to the atmosphere its “record” in the form of a special structure of exhaled steam, evaporation of precipitates in a moderate enough dose.
Topics: Man, Nature, Water
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Denitrification is a unique way of energy conservation, the use of N oxides as terminal electron receptors for cellular bioenergetics under anaerobic, microaerophilic, and occasional aerobic conditions. The brain process is an essential part of the N-cycle, reversion of dermatine arrangement, and is associated with chemolithotrophic, phototrophic, diazotrophic, or organotrophic metabolism, but not with anaerobic blood force. More than one hundred years ago and believed to be exclusively...
Topics: Denitrification, Ludzack Ettinger Process, Chemolithotrophic
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) refers to any chemical discovered in water or in the environment that had not previously been detected, or were only present at insignificant levels. CECs is the general term covering a wide class of different types of chemical compounds, including disinfection by-products, endocrine disruptors, industrial chemicals, natural toxins, Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), Flame Retardants (FRs), Artificial Sweeteners (ASWs), Pesticides, Pharmaceuticals and...
Topics: Contaminants, Artificial Sweeteners, Pharmaceuticals
The environmental implications and applications of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), like buckminsterfullerene (C60), have received considerable interest from stakeholders. Much of this interest is attributed to the belief that ENMs will demonstrate unique behaviors in environmental media, with particular concern paid to nanoparticle mobility (exposure) in aqueous systems. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast the mobility of C60 ENMs to that of three differently sized...
Topics: Media Filtration, Nanoparticle, Buckminsterfullerene, Transport, Aggregation
Water uniformity is affected by sprinklers in a self-propelled center-pivot irrigation system. Thus sprinklers acceptability is very important in water management of such systems. In this paper the objective was focused on the applications of data mining algorithms for selecting a sprinkler based on calculated performance indicators like coefficient of uniformity, distribution uniformity in the low quarter of center pivot irrigation system, application efficiency, application efficiency in the...
Topics: Center Pivot Irrigation System, Modeling, Coefficient of Uniformity, Algorithms
Yenagoa, capital city of Bayelsa State, lies in floodplain and surrounded by freshwater swamp and tributaries of the Nun River, Ekole and Epie Creeks, lakes and other natural drainage paths. But the City is annually inundated most times of the year. The goal of this research is to assess and recommend an effective storm water management system in the city. Objectives of the study include: assessing the challenges posed by storm water, identify climatic and hydrological settings of the study...
Topics: Challenges, Flooding, Planning, Storm water management, Wetlands